Stages of gingivitis Carranza

Trauma from occlusion

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Gingiva bei Amazo

Preventive Care - Keeping Gum Diseases Away | Cornell

Plaque-induced gingivitis is an inflammatory response of the gingival tissues resulting from bacterial plaque accumulation located at and below the gingival margin. 6 It does not directly cause tooth loss; however, managing gingivitis is a primary preventive strategy for periodontitis. 7 Epidemiologic data have shown plaque-induced gingivitis. The topography of papillary gingiva in health and early gingivitis. Jan Bergströum. Corresponding Author. Department of Periodotology, Odontological Faculty, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Division of Photogrammetry, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden How does diabetes affect progression of periodontitis? It is reported that individuals with diabetes have a 3 fold increased risk of developing periodontal disease than individuals without diabetes.; However, it has to be remembered that research implicates poorly controlled diabetes as a risk factor for periodontal disease as opposed to diabetic patients with good glycaemic control who have. Gingivitis is a common type of periodontal disease. Signs of gingivitis include red and puffy gums, that bleed easily when the person brushes their teeth. Gingivitis often resolves with good oral.

Gingivitis (Stages of inflammation) - HackDentistr

Scientific Perspective. This is definition of my topic: Periodontal disease is defined as an inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth caused by specific microorganisms or groups of specific microorganisms, resulting in progressive destruction of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone with increased probing depth formation, recession, or both (Aguirre, Newman. STAGE I GINGIVITIS 20 20. •Character and intensity of host response determines whether initial lesion resolves rapidly with restoration of tissue to normal state or into chronic inflammatory lesion. •Inflammatory lesion- infiltrate of macrophages and lymphoid cells appears within few days. STAGE I GINGIVITIS 21 21 Background: Gingival inflammation and plaque formation are a major health problem in worldwide.Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the variation of parameters of bleeding and plaque index (PI) in Gingivitis before, during and after intervention with Plantago.Materials and Methods: Thirty gingivitis patients were divided into two groups: control and test groups Periodontitis vs Gingivitis: An Overview. Gingivitis or gum inflammation is usually a precursor for periodontitis, which is one of the leading reasons for tooth loss in adults. This means that gingivitis is an earlier stage for gum disease and can either be progressive or not. Gingivitis is still reversible, whereas periodontitis is not

periobasics Clinical Periodontology, Recent Posts Introduction to periodontitis. The 2017, World Workshop on the classification of periodontal and peri-implant diseases and conditions defines periodontitis as a chronic multifactorial inflammatory disease associated with dysbiotic plaque biofilms and characterized by progressive destruction of the tooth-supporting apparatus 1 Gingivitis vs Periodontitis Periodontal disease is described in two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the initial, reversible stage of the disease (inflammation is confined to the gingival tissues). 3,16 Gingivitis may be reversed with thorough dental prophylaxis and consistent homecare. 16,1

Abstract Earlier studies suggest that children and adults differ in the propensity to develop gingivitis when oral hygiene is abandoned. To confirm the existence of such a difference, a comparative study of pre‐school children and young adults was made with objective registration methods This new classification divided plaque-induced periodontal lesions into four stages, namely, initial lesion, early lesion, established lesion and advanced lesion Periodontal disease is commonly encountered in feline practice. Gingivitis, followed by inflammation of the rest of the periodontal tissues, can lead to chronic oral infection, bacteraemia, pain and ultimately tooth loss. Given adequate plaque control and thorough, consistent dental home care, gingivitis is a reversible and controllable condition

Current Concepts in Periodontal Disease Today's

Generalized aggressive periodontitis results in rapid destruction of the periodontium and can lead to early tooth loss in the affected individuals if not diagnosed early and treated appropriately. The diagnostic features of the disease are characteristic, but the clinical presentation and patterns of destructions may vary between patients Bleeding on probing starts in: A. Stage I gingivitis - B. Stage II gingivitis C. Stage III D. Stage IV gingivitis 7 B 8 B 9 D 10 A 11 C 12 B Desquamative Gingivitis 1. The majority of desquamative gingivitis cases are caused by: A. Harmonal problems B. Dermatological problems C. -Drue: eruotions -'-' .L D. Traumatic lesions 2 Bacterial invasion in experimental gingivitis in man. Saglie FR(1), Pertuiset JH, Rezende MT, Sabet MS, Raoufi D, Carranza FA Jr. Author information: (1)School of Dentistry, Center for the Health Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles 90024 Gingivitis: Esta primera etapa de la enfermedad es una inflamación de las encías provocada por la acumulación de placa en el borde de la misma, la cual, al no ser eliminada por el cepillado y el uso diario del hilo dental, produce toxinas que irritan el tejido gingival, causando gingivitis. Puede observarse sangrado durante el cepillado, al.

Gingival inflammation & clinical features of gingiviti

Genetic risk factor's for Periodontal Disease Could my periodontal disease be genetic? One third of the population have a genetic tendency to develop periodontal disease. One half of these individuals will develop the advanced stages of periodontal disease. Many people are born with a sensitivity to plaque bacteria - making their periodontal disease much worse du accordionDropdownIcon. Periodontal disease affects the gums, bone and other supporting tissues of the teeth. Although most individuals suffer gum inflammation from time to time, around 10% of the population appear to suffer from the more severe forms of the disease which cause loss of supporting bone. This group appears to be at greatest risk. the initial stages of treatment itself. There should be at least one year follow up for the patient to evaluate the tissues and for oral hygiene maintenance. REFERENCES 1. Effiom OA, Adeyemo WL, Soyele OO. Focal reactive lesions of the gingival: An analysis of 314 cases at tertiary health institution in Nigeria

P: To comment about periodontal disease in light of a new understanding of the role of inflammation in disease expression, thus setting the stage for the development of new prevention and treatment strategies. · Approach to periodontal disease has changed, from blocking inflammation to moderating it Gingivitis is an inflammation that is limited to the gum line, while in periodontitis there is loss of the jawbone, periodontal ligament, and root cementum.. In gingivitis, there is not yet any loss of the structures that hold teeth in place. This means that good oral hygiene at home can stop the gingivitis and restore healthy gums Necrotizing periodontal disease a. Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Karakteristik utama dari NUG adalah etioya merupakan bakteri, ada lesi nekrotik, dan factor predisposisi seperti stress psikologis, merokok, dan immunosupresi. Sebagai tambahan, malnutrisi dapat menjadi faktor kontribusi Erhalten Sie die relevantesten Ergebnisse auf searchandshopping.org. Suchen Sie auf unserer Webseite nach allen Informationen die Sie benötige

Periodontal disease is described in two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the initial, reversible stage of the disease (inflammation is confined to the gingival tissues). 3,16 Gingivitis may be reversed with thorough dental prophylaxis and consistent homecare. 16,1 594 December 2000, Vol. 66, No. 11 Journal of the Canadian Dental Association C LINICAL P RACTICE F rom 1977 to 1989, the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) went from 2 main periodontal disease categories to 5 (Table 1).1 The 1989 periodon- tal disease classification was a significant improvement ove Stages of tissue response to excessive occlusal forces. Carranza (1967, 1970) 48, 49 has described three stages of tissue response to excessive occlusal forces. These are injury, repair and adaptive remodeling of the periodontium. Following is the description of these stages, Stage I, Injury

Gingivitis, an inflammation of the gingiva, occurs widely in most populations, affecting both children and adults. The high prevalence of gingivitis is approximately 50% in the general population. Gingivitis is caused mainly by accumulation of debris, plaque or calculus on the teeth margin mostly due to negligence of oral care. It is a state. very susceptible stage of life to chronic gingivitis, because of the existence of local and systemic factors. This report was created in order to describe clinical features and treatment of the children chronic gingivitis. Chronic gingivitis is a gum disease which occurs slowly in a long period of time Stages of Gum Disease. Cornell Dental Centre is Certified to Use the Oravital System. Oravital - A Healthy Mouth for a Healthy Body! This system allows Markham dentist, Dr. Weerasinghe to administer treatment for oral infections; including gingivitis, gum disease and bad breath. The Oravital system is a safe and patient-friendly way to treat. Periodontal disease is an umbrella term for a number of pathologies that affect the supporting structures of teeth. Periodontitis can be further subcategorized into three broad classes based on radiographic, laboratory and clinical features: chronic periodontitis, aggressive periodontitis, and periodontitis due to a systemic condition. 1 Of the three, aggressive periodontitis is the least. ing of periodontal disease, and involve-ment of the patient through education. Obviously, this requires dedication of energy, resources, effective communi-cation skills, and a change in practice philosophy. The Periodontal Treatment Protocol (PTP) Diagnosis Regardless of recent advances in our understanding of the etiology and patho

Herpetic Gingivostomatitis - an overview ScienceDirect

Dental plaque is a sticky, colorless or pale yellow film that is constantly forming on your teeth. When saliva, food and fluids combine, plaque - which contains bacteria - forms between your teeth and along the gum line. Dental plaque begins forming on teeth 4-12 hours after brushing, which is why it is so important to brush thoroughly at least. Periodontal disease. The extent of periodontal disease encountered in veterinary patients can vary from patient to patient and even from tooth to tooth in the same patient. From minimal inflammation and no attachment loss in Stage 1 Periodontal Disease to the beginnings of attachment loss (up to 25%) in Stage 2, then deeper pockets (up to 50%. Because periodontal disease is multifactorial, it is challenging to determine how effective systemic antibiotics are. Resistance Bacterial resistance has resulted in a global public health problem, resulting in an estimated death toll of 10 million worldwide by 2050. In its early stages, a widening of the periodontal space occurs, with cellular and fluid inflammatory exudation (Fig. 23-25), followed by epithelial proliferation into the furcation area from an adjoining periodontal pocket (Fig. 23-26). Extension of the inflammation into the bone leads to resorption and reduction in bone height (Fig. 23-27)

Periodontal disease is the most common oral disease in dogs with up of 80% of animals affected (Riggio et al., 2011). This disease is pr ogressive and involves two stages: gingivitis (reversible) and periodontitis (irreversible, but often controllable). It is caused by plaque buildup on teeth Chronic Periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis, the most common form of periodontitis, causes swelling and redness in the gums. Left untreated, it will lead to loss of soft tissue and bone. The gums will pull back from the teeth and eventually teeth will loosen and fall out. The primary cause of chronic periodontitis is poor oral hygiene Periodontitis is an advanced stage of gum disease where the gums are seriously infected and the disease can damage the gums and the jaw bone permanently. Periodontitis cannot be reversed. The chronic infection damages the gingiva, soft tissues around the teeth, ligaments and the underlying alveolar bone. It can lead to permanent loss of teeth This classification system was developed jointly by the American Dental Association (ADA) and the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) in 1986. It is normally referred to as AAP/ADA classification. This system is mostly based on loss of attachment. While more modern and comprehensive classifications are available, this one is still.

Dental plaque-induced gingival conditions - Murakami

Stage IV Gingival Inflammation: The Advanced Lesion. Local innate and specific immunity will maintain gingival health. Components from the innate immune response include epithelial. cells and nonspecific cells within the epithelium, mucins, lysozyme, lactoferrin, lactoperoxidase, and various antimicrobial peptid es Desquamative gingivitis. Desquamative gingivitis is a descriptive term, first introduced by Prinz in 1932 1) that is synonymous with the presence of erythema, desquamation, erosion, and blistering of attached and marginal gingiva, signs that represent different mucocutaneous disorders 2).Desquamative gingivitis is characterized by the erythematous gingiva, desquamation and erosion of the. Periodontitis is deep inflammation of the periodontium which occurs in response to bacterial plaque on teeth. Progression of the disease results in destruction of the supporting bone, increasing tooth mobility and eventually causes tooth loss (Carranza dan Newman, 1996; Jenkin dan Allan, 1999). 3.2; Mekanisme Terjadinya Gingivitis Mekanisme Tahap-tahap Terjadinya Gingivitis Stage I Gingivitis: Inisial Lesion Manifestasi pertama dari inflamasi ginggiva adalah perubahan vaskularisasi yaitu dilatasi kapiler dan peningkatan aliran darah Background and Purpose— Chronic infectious diseases may increase the risk of stroke. We investigated whether periodontal disease, including periodontitis and gingivitis, is a risk factor for cerebral ischemia. Methods— We performed a case-control study with 303 patients examined within 7 days after acute ischemic stroke or transient.

Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, (NUG), or simply necrotizing gingivitis (NG), is a common, non-contagious infection of the gums.Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is the acute presentation of NUG, which is the usual course the disease takes. If improperly treated NUG may become chronic and/or recurrent. In developed countries, ANUG occurs mostly in young adults with predisposing. Gingivitis is the commonest periodontal disease seen in all age groups prevailing worldwide. Gingivitis occurs in half the population by the age of 4 or 5 years, and the incidence continues to increase with age. The prevalence peaks at close to 100% at puberty; however it declines slightly after puberty and shows constant rate into adulthood

The topography of papillary gingiva in health and early

The results of this study suggest that PTM is a common finding in periodontal patients (11.14%), and is also more prevalent in the more advanced stages of periodontal disease. The highest prevalence of PTM was seen in the severe form of chronic periodontitis and aggressive periodontitis 3. Plasma cells are seen in which stage of gingivitis a. Stage I b. Stage II c. Stage III d. Stage IV Answer- c (Ref Carranza's 11th edition Chapter 7 Page number 74) A key feature that differentiates the established lesion is the increased number of plasma cells, which become the preponderant inflammatory cell type. Plasma cells invade th The periodontal relevance of anterior and posterior crowding concerns 3 main aspects: 1. oral hygiene/plaque retention, 2. altered topography of gingiva, septum and orofacial alveolar bone and 3. periodontal therapy (scaling, root planing, regenerative approaches). These aspects are discussed with regard to the literature and to the author's own clinical and histological findings Which of the following best measures the severity of periodontal disease in a population? A. Radiographs. B. Intraoral cameras. C. Indices. D. Surgical costs. 23. From the following list, select the items associated with gingivitis. A. Occurs primarily in children. B. Extensive attachment loss. C

Diabetes and periodontitis - The two way relationshi

  1. Periodontal Disease Definition Periodontal diseases are a group of diseases that affect the tissues that support and anchor the teeth. Left untreated, periodontal disease results in the destruction of the gums, alveolar bone (the part of the jaws where the teeth arise), and the outer layer of the tooth root. Description Periodontal disease is usually.
  2. Gingivitis is usually painless, although the gums may be red, swollen, and bleed easily with brushing. There can also be a bad taste in the mouth or persistent bad breath (halitosis).In advanced stages of gingivitis, the gums recede, exposing the nerve roots, and the teeth may become loose
  3. Periodontics is a branch of dentistry specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease (disease of structure surrounding the tooth), and in the placement of dental implants and the one who specialises is called Period..

Gingivitis: Causes, symptoms, and treatmen

Pathogenesis Periodontal disease is generally described in two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the initial, reversible stage in which the inflammation is confined to the gingiva Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection leading to a host immune response that is characterized by inflammation and degradation of periodontal tissues. 22 When informing patients of periodontal disease, using the word infection is more powerful than gum inflammation and can create a sense of urgency regarding treatment. The word. Objective . To conduct a descriptive literature review on research studies investigating the association between chronic periodontitis (CP) and erectile dysfunction (ED). Methods . Cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, randomized control trials, and animal studies up to July 2015 that studied the relationship between CP and ED were reviewed and reported

Gum Disease: All about Symptoms, Risk and Treatment - Gum disease initiates when plaque adheres at & below the visible edge of your gums. They are classified according to the severity of the disease. Gingivitis and Periodontitis are two major stages Socransky SS, Haffajee AD (1992) The bacterial etiology of destructive periodontal disease: current concepts. J Periodontol 63: 322-331. Zhang L, Henson BS, Camargo PM, Wong DT (2009) The clinical value of salivary biomarkers for periodontal disease. Periodontol 2000 51: 25-37 Plasma cell gingivitis is a rare condition, appearing as generalized erythema (redness) and edema (swelling) of the attached gingiva, occasionally accompanied by cheilitis (lip swelling) or glossitis (tongue swelling). It is called plasma cell gingivitis where the gingiva (gums) are involved, plasma cell cheilitis, where the lips are involved, and other terms such as plasma cell orifacial. PREVALENCE OF GINGIVAL DISEASE IN A . POPULATION OF PREGNANT WOMEN. Najwa Nassrawin, M.Sc. Periodontology*, Muwafaq Barakat, MD** ABSTRACT . Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of gingival disease and the degree of oral care among pregnant Jordanian women during the different stages of pregnancy

Periodontics Prosthodontics and pedodontics are three major super specialist branch of dentistry at post graduation level..! PERIODONTICS- ITS THE BRANCH OF DENTISTRY WHICH MAINLY DEALS WITH THE PROBLEM OF PERIODONTIUM AND GUMS IT BASICALLY PERFOR.. Among the anti-oxidant vitamins, only vitamin C showed a consistent association with periodontal disease.The authors studied nutritional elements (e.g., vitamin B-complex, vitamin C, and dietary calcium) that have been strongly associated with the wound healing, periodontal disease status, and.By eating foods that is high in antioxidants, beta. Bone Destruction Patterns in Periodontal Disease. Although periodontitis is an infectious disease of the gingival tissue, changes that occur in bone are crucial, because the destruction of bone is responsible for tooth loss. The height and density of the alveolar bone are normally maintained by an equilibrium, regulated by local and systemic. Although gingivitis does not alwaysprogress to periodontitis, the management of gingival disease inchildren and adolescents is important, because periodontitis isalways preceded by gingivitis.471613 FIG. 21.8 Plaque-induced gingivitis is limited to themarginal gingiva in a 12-year-old girl

Initial gingivitis is today no longer regarded as the early stage of a disease but rather as the physiological response of the tissue and the immune system to the plaque that is always present (Schröder 2000). The initial lesion arises within 2-4 days when the substrate supply is undisturbed, with subsequent plaque accumulation. After plaque has accumulated, this affects the junctional. the subgingival area (gingivitis, gingival pocket formation). In the total absence of oral hygiene, plaque formation and an initial host defensive response within gingival tissue oc-cur. With optimum—including interdental—oral hygiene, the formation of biofilm is repeatedly disrupted and gingi-val health is maintained. 45 One-week-old Plaque

Gingival (Gum) enlargement, also known as gingival hyperplasia or hypertrophy, is an abnormal overgrowth of gingival tissues. There are several causes of gingival enlargement and they can be grouped into four categories: 1) inflammatory gingival enlargement, 2) medication-induced gingival enlargement, 3) hereditary gingival fibromatosis, and 4. Plasma Cell Gingivitis posing a Diagnostic Dilemma 1K Harikumar, 2K Nisha ABSTRACT Introduction: Plasma cell gingivitis is an unusual form of gin-givitis which causes gingival enlargement of varying degree. Proper diagnosis is important for effective case management. Case report: Here we report a case of intense gingival inflam session root planing, one-stage-full-mouth disinfection. La periodontitis crónica es una de las enfermedades más comunes de la humanidad, se ha reportado que afecta a más de 30% de la población adulta, en indi-viduos susceptibles esta infl amación crónica causa la pérdida de los tejidos de soporte que rodean a As a quiescent disease most of the time, periodontal disease presents mainly a chronic or asymptomatic chief complaint. (3,4) In its most common form, periodontal disease generally is considered to be a painless process unless it reaches severe stages. For this reason, it often is overlooked by patients and dentists in early stages, especially.

From basic science and fundamental procedures to the latest advanced techniques in reconstructive, esthetic, and implant therapy, Newman and Carranza's Clinical Periodontology, 13th Edition is the resource you can count on to help master the most current information and techniques in periodontology. Full color photos, illustrations, radiographs and videos show you how to perform periodontal. Periodontal diseases are multifactorial in nature. While microbial and other environmental factors are believed to initiate and modulate periodontal disease progression, there now exist strong supporting data that genetic polymorphisms play a role in the predisposition to and progression of periodontal diseases. Variations in any number or combination of genes that control the development of.

Microbiological Stages of Periodontal Diseas

Membrane placement and the principle of guided tissue regeneration will be covered in part II. Timothy J. Hempton, DDS, and Esther Wilkins, RDH, DMD, are members of the department of periodontology at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine. Diane Lancaster, RDH, is a practicing hygienist in Dedham, Mass. References In advanced stages of gingivitis, the gums recede, exposing the nerve roots, and the teeth may become loose. This may be an indication of periodontitis. Conventional treatment options: Conventional treatment usually involves a regimen of good oral hygiene, including correct tooth brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings Oral treponemes have been associated with periodontal diseases. We developed a highly sensitive and specific method to detect and quantify cultivable oral treponemes (Treponema denticola, Treponema vincentii, and Treponema medium) in 50 subgingival plaque samples from 13 healthy subjects as well as 37 patients with periodontal diseases using real-time PCR assays with specific primers and a.

Clinical Features of Gingivitis and Its Correlation With

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  2. A Carranza. 2006
  3. Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth.In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed. In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out

A clinical study on effect of Plantago in gingivitis by

The earlier stages just as the parameters of periodontal disease (i.e., gingivitis and periodontitis), dental caries (i.e., enamel caries, dentinal caries, and caries involving pulp), and TMJ pathosis (i.e., acute, chronic, and debilitating TMJ disease) are recognized and defined, as must the stages of occlusal/incisal wear be recognized and. A favorable treatment response is observed when HIV-associated periodontal disease is in the earliest stages. Repeated episodes of the disease is seen in patients who have been treated for NUP, especially with poor oral hygiene levels. NUP can be localized, insidious, and not always related to plaque 2.1. Influence of pulpal pathologies on the periodontium. Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease of the tooth supporting structures initiated by bacteria that form a biofilm on the tooth/root surfaces [].Root canal infections (i.e. apical periodontitis) are multi-microbial, biofilm-associated diseases [2, 3].Apical ramifications, lateral canals, and isthmuses connecting main root.

Periodontitis vs Gingivitis: What Are The Differences

  1. In brachydont dentition, the initiating factor for gingivitis, which is the earliest and often reversible stage of periodontal disease, is the accumulation of dental plaque in the gingival sulcus, which may eventually become calcified (calculus) which can lead to end stage disease, i.e. loss of the tooth (Carranza and Camargo 2012)
  2. 30. Tweet. Any infection of the vital teeth supporting gum tissue is known by the terms Periodontitis, commonly called Periodontal Disease. This infection can originate from a simple gum infection known as Gingivitis and when left untreated can develop into a complicated disease. Periodontitis may lead to loss of one or several teeth to even.
  3. A consistent rise in the PISA and PESA scores with different stages of periodontal disease progression (healthy-gingivitis-periodontitis) was observed. Furthermore, the PISA and PESA scores were correlated with oral hygiene status of the study participants, and it was observed that PISA and PESA scores increased as the oral hygiene status of.
  4. Any type of periodontal disease treatment requires good daily care at home. The Waterpik® Water Flosser is clinically proven to remove plaque and improve gum health.. If you have periodontal disease (periodontitis), you may also experience periodontal pockets. Pocketing can occur if your gums break down and separate from the teeth
  5. periodontal disease and cancer Several epidemiological and laboratory studies have recorded that long-term inflammation promotes tumor development, growth and progression [1]. It has confirmed that malignancies can arise from areas that characterized by infection and inflammation as a part of the physiological immune response of the host

Periodontitis: Clinical presentation, diagnostic criteria

Glickman's Clinical Periodontology. Irving Glickman, Fermin A. Carranza. Saunders, 1990 - Parodontologie - 1017 pages. 0 Reviews. This revised edition covers the entire field of peridontics, incorporating the latest research and clinical developments. It focuses on the clinical management of all types of peridontal disease, and presents a wide. Gingivitis affects an estimated 80% of the population, most periodontal disease arises from or is aggravated by accumulation of plaque, and periodontitis is associated particularly with anaerobes. Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. These include the gingiva (or gums), bone, and supporting ligaments that connect from the bone to the teeth (PDL). If left untreated, periodontal disease will lead to bone loss, which can lead to tooth loss

The occurrence of periodontitis was 89.8%, where 70.8% of participants had stage I and 15.2% had stage II, while only 4.4% and 2.05% suffered from stage III and stage IV, respectively. Calculus was positively correlated with age, grains, and sugar in drinks and negatively correlated with socioeconomic status, education level, brushing frequency. Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease that affects the soft and hard structures that support the teeth. In its early stage, called gingivitis. In the more serious form of periodontal disease called periodontitis.3 Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. However, other factors can contribute to periodontal disease Due to lack of oral care awareness, busy life, and no apparent difficulty; the patients ignore the disease and it progresses to advance stages. In a clinical study, by Krishna Makadia, Dr. Manjusha R., et al., 2004, encouraging results with BhadramustadiCurnapratisarana and Gandusa with Nagaradikwatha for gingivitis, were reported Battling Biofilm. Improving oral health professionals' understanding of prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of biofilm associated diseases is key to their successful prevention and treatment. FIGURE 1. A colored scanning electron micrograph depicts a chain of Streptococcus sp. bacteria, round Gram-positive bacteria

7. Brecx M( . Irohlicher I. (iehr I', el at: Siereolugu.il observ.i lions on long-term experimental gingivitis in man. I ( lin Perioclontol 1988; 15:621. K. Brecx Ml . Lehman B, Siegwart < \1. el al: Observations on the initial stages ot healing following human experimental gingivitis. \ clinical and morphological study. I ( lin Perioclontol. Miami Gardens Florida physician directory -Read about gum disease (gingivitis) treatment, symptoms, stages, cures, and home remedies. Gum disease symptoms and signs include loose teeth, bad breath, and swollen, red, receding, and bleeding gums Periodontitis is a more severe stage of periodontal disease resulting in loss of bone and collagen support of the affected tooth. It is an inflammation of the supporting tissues surrounding tooth caused by pathogenic flora established within the gingival sulcus, which later deepens to become periodontal pocket A fruity odor to the breath is a sign of ketoacidosis, which may occur in diabetes. It is a potentially life-threatening condition. Breath that smells like feces can occur with prolonged vomiting, especially when there is a bowel obstruction. It may also occur temporarily if a person has a tube placed through the nose or mouth to drain their.

Periodontal Disease: Utilizing Current Information to

  1. 9. Giannobile WV, Beikler T, Kinney J, et al. Saliva as a diagnostic tool for periodontal disease: current state and future directions. Periodontol 2000. 2009;50:52-64. 10. Saglie FR, Carranza FA Jr, Newman MG. The presence of bacteria within the oral epithelium in periodontal disease. I. A scanning and transmission electron microscopic study
  2. Aim: Assess and compare the prevalence of gum disease in preterm and term-born adolescents. Materials and Methods: A cross section study was conducted involving adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19.One group of 120 preterm-born adolescents and a g roup of 149 term-born adolescents (control). Physicians conducted physical exams in these groups to measure pubertal stages, dividing the.
  3. imal amounts of it, but with the presence of gingival health, expressed in the specific pink color of the gingiva, is associated with active stages of the disease and its inactive stages.The aim of this study is to compare cross-sectional and retrograde data on the prevalence of.
  4. Necrotizing Periodontal Disease. Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is an uncommon acute infection of the gum tissue. It is characterized by painful and bleeding gums, bad breath, and rapid onset of pain. If left untreated, necrotizing periodontal disease can spread throughout the facial areas (cheeks, jaw) and cause extensive damage

Development of gingivitis in pre‐school children and young

  1. Periodontal disease is perhaps the most common chronic infection in adults. Evidence has been accumulating for the past 30 years which indicates that almost all forms of periodontal disease are chronic but specific bacterial infections due to the overgrowth in the dental plaque of a finite number of mostly anaerobic species such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacteroides forsythus, and Treponema.
  2. The periodontal pocket, one of the definitive signs of periodontal disease, is the most common parameter to be assessed by dental clinicians. One of the more reliable and convenient ways of detecting, measuring, and assessing the status of periodontal disease activity is through the use of periodontal probes.Periodontal probing permits dentists to identify sites with a history of periodontal.
  3. e and compare the prevalence, severity, and.
  4. Due to the link between periodontal disease and systemic health, the high prevalence of periodontal disease is a major public health concern (Seymour et al., 2007). Further research is needed because the educational value of the disease is important not just an individual's health, but extends to the well-being of society and the economy